Some buildings can affect the area it’s adjacent to, others are neutral. Below is a list I have started and will add to, anyone else can pipe up with their own and I’ll add them also.
Schools of any type.
Water Pumping Station
Wind Farm Turbines
You can neutralize some of it however with parks. For example I have a sewage works and it’s in the dark green zone “Good for High Wealth” because I have three Double Walkway (high level parks) besides the residential and their influence spreads a huge distance. All the residential is high land value.